After Haris' mention of the PHP function range(), I thought the kindest thing to do would be to give it a proper introduction. So here is that introduction!
Range is native PHP function that takes 2 compulsory arguments and 1 optional argument (As of PHP 5.0.0 which defaults to 1) and returns an array. Seem ever so simple? Well it is! The 3 arguments the function can accept are as follows:
$low: The number or character to begin at.
$high: The number or character to end at.
$step: The amount to count up or down in.
Take the example below which will begin at 0, increment in steps of 10 until we get to 50.
The great thing about this function is that it can also count up or down in characters. For instance, if we wanted to list the 6 characters from A to F, then we could do that quite easily with range():
Which would output A, B, C, D, E, F. Range can also go backwards, which can be a whole lot of fun. Not quite as exciting as a rollercoaster going backwards but I hope you appreciate me trying to liven the article up!
As I'm sure you can surmise, the above example would give us 100, 75, 50, 25, 0!
There is not a lot more to it. Such an easy function but one that is perhaps not as well heard of as it should be. I can't say that I've really needed this function before, however, perhaps there might be an occasion where you would require its presence! I'd be interested to know if anyone out there has any really good uses for it? I've seen some good uses on php.net for such tasks as checking if an array is associative - but any more would be great to hear!
The man who comes back through the Door in the Wall will never be quite the same as the man who went out.
Range creates an array of the numbers without and has less overhead than calling a loop. It's basically quicker, but if you're planning on printing the numbers, than it's better to use a for loop, because you'll eventually have to loop the range array to print it out.